Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard.[1][2] Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted ‘Test status’, as determined and conferred by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The term Test stems from the fact that the long, gruelling matches are mentally and physically testing.[3] Two teams of 11 players each play a four-innings match, which may last up to five days (or longer in some historical cases). It is generally considered the most complete examination of a team's endurance and ability.[4][5][6]
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Test cricket is played in innings (the word denotes both the singular and the plural). In each innings, one team bats and the other bowls (or fields). Ordinarily four innings are played in a Test match, and each team bats twice and bowls twice. Before the start of play on the first day, the two team captains and the match referee toss a coin; the captain who wins the toss decides whether his team will bat or bowl first.
That would be ignoring the fact that Pakistan turned a small corner in Brisbane, and that Adelaide conditions are expected to better suit the side. In fairness, that’s easily forgotten in an innings and five-run loss — the numbers on the Gabba scoreboard weren’t exactly encouraging for the visitors. Nonetheless, there is a reason they’ve arrived in Adelaide with some of their swagger still intact. They believe they cannot just save face, but upset the Aussie apple cart altogether.
The first Limited Overs International (LOI) or One-Day International (ODI) match was played in Melbourne in 1971, and the quadrennial cricket World Cup began in 1975. Many of the "packaging" innovations, such as coloured clothing, were as a result of World Series Cricket, a "rebel" series set up outside the cricketing establishment by Australian entrepreneur Kerry Packer. For more details, see History of cricket.
Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard.[1][2] Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted ‘Test status’, as determined and conferred by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The term Test stems from the fact that the long, gruelling matches are mentally and physically testing.[3] Two teams of 11 players each play a four-innings match, which may last up to five days (or longer in some historical cases). It is generally considered the most complete examination of a team's endurance and ability.[4][5][6]
Star player: Marnus Labuschagne — The right-hander returns to his state an international star having struck four gutsy half-centuries at the Ashes to become a Test lock. He’ll forgo a break to jump straight back into things with the Bulls. No guarantees that his red-ball form will convert to the white-ball, but Labuschagne is in career-best touch and will fancy his chances of improving on his List A batting average of 32.36.
All four innings are complete. The team batting fourth are all out before overtaking the other team, usually before matching the other team's score. The team that batted third are the winners by a margin equal to the difference in the aggregate runs scored by the two teams (for example, "Team A won by 95 runs"). Very rarely (in over 2,000 Test matches played, it has only happened twice) the scores can end level, resulting in a tie.
Test cricket is almost always played as a series of matches between two countries, with all matches in the series taking place in the same country (the host). Often there is a perpetual trophy that is awarded to the winner, the most famous of which is the Ashes contested between England and Australia. There have been two exceptions to the bilateral nature of Test cricket: the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a three-way competition between England, Australia and South Africa (hosted by England), and the Asian Test Championship, an event held in 1998–99 and 2001–02.
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